Seshat Goddess of Cannabis?

The Ebers Papyrus is the oldest known complete medical textbook in existence.

Most scholars believe that it is copy of a much earlier text, from around 3100 BCE.

Seshat was depicted as a woman wearing a panther-skin dress (the garb of funerary priests) and a headdress that was also her hieroglyph –

Seshat determinative – which may represent either a stylized flower or seven pointed star on a standard that is beneath a set of down-turned horns.


The horns may have been a crescent, linking Seshat to the moon and hence to her spouse, the moon god of writing and knowledge, Thoth.

HOLD ON, papyrus is not what is represented by the symbol.

The notion that Seshat is the patron goddess of Cannabis is not so far-fetched. Her symbol is among the oldest hieroglyphs.

She was seen as a scribe and record keeper, and her name means she who scrivens (i.e. she who is the scribe), and is credited with inventing writing.

Seshat also became identified as the Goddess of architecture, astronomy, astrology, building, mathematics, and surveying.

The picture of Seshat’s emblem on a temple wall in Luxor dates from around 1250 BCE. It shows the 7 part leaf of the hemp plant used to make Seshat’s surveying rope.

Art has been a source often overlooked in determining the ethnobotanical content of any civilization.

The suggestion is made that early civilizations in the area of the Fertile Crescent employed Datura, Cannabis, Claviceps, Mandragora, Nymphaea, Vitis, and possibly Papaver as medicaments and ritual entheogens.

It is important to understand that early civilizations tied artistic expression to religion and that this religion was based upon magic- the magic that comes from grain, from brewing, from states of elevated consciousness associated with plants, from pain relievers, from healing herbs, and from resinous plants for embalming the body.

In brief, the art of this early period and of these cultures is a revelation of riches for the ethnobotanist.

Ebers Papyrus

Luxor Temple

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